Supporting a nature positive, equitable global biodiversity framework

IIED is keen to ensure that the final post-2020 global biodiversity framework that is negotiated by Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is not just good for nature, but good for people too.

April 2020 - March 2022
Dilys Roe

Principal researcher and team leader (biodiversity), Natural Resources

Biodiversity and development
A programme of work showing how IIED is working to ensure biodiversity conservation, climate change and economic development are tackled together by the institutions that drive policy, rules, plans, investment and action
Nature landscape of a spring with ducks, and mountains in the background

Natural springs in Madagascar (Photo: Rod Waddington via Flickr, CC BY-SA 2.0)

Throughout 2020 and 2021 discussions are ongoing as to the content of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework (GBF) that will be agreed at the 15th Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15).

The framework includes goals and targets that are intended to halt biodiversity loss and put nature on a road to recovery by 2030. Many of the targets being discussed recognise the contribution of nature to human wellbeing and to meeting the basic needs of some of the world’s poorest people. But others ring alarm bells.

For example, a target to protect 30% of the world’s land by 2030 which, unless implemented with the full consent, participation and leadership of the Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLCs) that own or manage most of the world’s biodiversity, could be disastrous.

This project aims to build awareness about the social implications of achieving 'nature positive' goals and to develop tools and resources to strengthen the emerging GBF so that it is equitable as well as effective.

What is IIED doing?

IIED is producing guides for Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) negotiators on key issues such as equity and development, so that provisions for these can be strengthened in the framework.

The first guide is intended to support Parties who wish to see strengthened equity provisions in the draft GBF. It helps negotiators develop national positions and covers the arguments for making equity provisions central to the GBF.

The second toolkit supports Parties who wish to see strengthened provisions for human development. It helps negotiators to develop arguments for enhancing the contributions of biodiversity to human development, and the final section offers ideas for the language that could be used to strengthen current provisions for human development.

In the run-up to COP15, the institute is also: 

  • Organising a 'Nature and Development Day' to raise the profile of these issues and to enable networking and co-learning
  • Looking at lessons from climate negotiations that could help inform the biodiversity negotiations
  • Exploring what it means to be 'Kunming-compliant' for different organisations
  • Organising a series of events and dialogues, in collaboration with other environment, development and rights-based organisations
  • Advocating for the recognition of IPLCs across targets, building on research on biocultural heritage, and
  • Collaborating with a range of environment, development and rights-based organisations to develop a common vision for a nature-positive, climate neutral and equitable world.