RRA Notes 7: Proceedings of the RRA Review Workshop

This special issue of RRA Notes comprises the proceedings of a two-day RRA review workshop.

Article, 31 August 1989
Participatory Learning and Action
A journal for newcomers and experienced practitioners alike.

September 1989

The two-day workshop on Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA) was jointly organised by IDS and IIED in June 1989. This issue includes summaries of the presented papers. They cover a wide range of topics, including diagrams, aerial photographs, interviews and groups, ranking, health, participatory approaches, and monitoring and evaluation. 

This issue also includes notes on discussions of these topics, plus the ideology of RRA, the dangers of RRA, training in RRA, and the future of RRA.

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License. Content can be freely reproduced for non-commercial purposes, provided the source is fully acknowledged. 

Follow the links below to download the whole issue or individual articles in pdf format.

Download the complete issue.



Part 1: Presentations


  • Diagrams: general theory and practice, Jules Pretty
  • Profiles and matrices, Ruth Alsop
  • Diagrams and cartoons, Ueli Scheuermeier
  • Diagrams for training, Robert Leurs

Aerial photographs

  • Aerial photography and household. Studies in Kenya, Peter Dewees
  • Aerial photographs in rapid land resource appraisal, Papua New Guinea, Robin Mearns

Interviews and groups

  • RRA interview schedules within a collaborative research project in Northern Thailand, Howard Jones
  • Farmer groups and ITK in Benin, Anne Floquet
  • Focussed groups in Ethiopia, Ian Scoones
  • Some difficulties in training for interviewing, Robert Leurs


  • Wealth ranking in Sudan, Jules Pretty
  • Preference and direct matrix rankings, Sudan, Ian Scoones
  • Ranking of carpentry skills, Godfrey Cromwell
  • Using ranking in training of field level staff, Miranda Munro


  • Rapid appraisal trial, Mbeya, Tanzania, Susan Rifkin and Hugh Annet
  • Rapid appraisal South Sefton (Merseyside) health authority, Hugh Annet and Pauline Ong

Participatory approaches

  • From the ground up and participatory RRA in Kenya, John Thompson and Peter Veit
  • Diagrams for participatory RRA, Jennifer McCracken

Monitoring and evaluation

  • PBME and Rapid Rural Appraisal, David Potten
  • Using RRA to evaluate NGO projects, Mike Howes

Part 2: Plenary discussion topics