Assessing policy influences on people’s relationship to water ecosystem services: The Kenyan experience
This paper provides an overview of Kenya’s water resources, its distribution, ecosystem services and roles in community livelihoods and national economy. Kenya’s water resource sector currently faces a myriad of problems occasioned by the overuse and inefficient extraction and utilization of the resource. Population growth, water scarcity and uneven distribution, climate variability, pollution and degradation affect the sector. These have exacerbated water shortages, threatening future prospects for the country’s development. Factors that constrain water resource management include the un uniform distribution of water resources over space and time, insufficient financial, technological and human resources, insufficient data on water resources, poverty and resource degradation.