Multi-Level Participatory Planning for Water Resources Development in Sri Lanka
Participatory approaches have been shown to be effective for natural resource development planning. In most of these cases, however, the planning unit has been a village or small settlement area. This leads to the problem of how to ‘scale up’ a participatory approach when supra-community level planning is needed.
Supra-community level planning is necessary for water resources development. As water flows from place to place, the actions of one local community affect water availability for local communities downstream. Thus water resources development planning should be undertaken by multi-community groups so that the interests of all the communities within the water basin can be properly served.
This paper describes a multi-level approach to participatory water resources planning.